On April 21, the Queen Elizabeth II he turned 94 and, for the first time in his 68-year reign, there were no celebrations due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The disease then becomes one of the many milestones in the monarch’s trajectory, known for being the older queen that the European continent has had.
Elizabeth II was the first daughter of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and his wife Isabel Bowes-Lyon. His only sister, Margareth, was born four years later. Currently, it is the Queen of the United Kingdom and fifteen other independent states, known as Commonwealth Kingdoms, in addition to the head of the Commonwealth formed by 53 states. She is also the Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her kingdoms, she also has the title of Defender of the Faith.
The monarch is the oldest, reigning sovereign in the world at all times. It occupies the fourth place among the monarchs with the longest reigns in history, the record is Louis XIV, from France, who reigned between the years 1632 and 1718, totaling 72 years in power.
Initially, Elizabeth II’s destiny was not the throne, as her father was not next in the British line of succession. However, with the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VII, the current queen of England was inserted directly into the crown line. Thus, in 1952, with the death of her father, Elizabeth II began her reign.
The coronation of the monarch took place in June of the following year, in Westminster Abbey, London. This meant a great responsibility for Elizabeth II, who five years earlier had already placed herself at the service of the monarchy and promised: “Before all of you, I declare that my whole life, whether short or long, will be at the service of all members of the family. of the empire to which we all belong ”.
In addition, his coronation was the first in history to be broadcast live on television and radio, a fact that already demonstrated the coming of a future full of technological and social changes.
However, it is wrong to believe that Elizabeth II’s administrative experience and public duties began when she took the throne. In 1943, at the age of sixteen, the current queen made her first public appearance alone when visiting the Grenadier Guards, to whom she had been appointed colonel the previous year. During World War II, she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service, where she was promoted to honorary junior commander.
Elizabeth II married at the age of 21, with Prince Philip of Greece, her second cousin. Philip had to abdicate the Greek throne to become a British citizen and, shortly before his marriage, he became the Duke of Edinburgh.
The monarch also managed to combine the role of queen and wife with that of mother, at a time when few women worked. Elizabeth II has four children: Prince Charles, direct successor to the British throne, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward. Today, she has 8 grandchildren and 8 great-grandchildren. Prince William is second in line to the British throne and his son, Prince George, is third.
Elizabeth II held historic meetings and official visits to various countries during her reign, being the head of state who traveled the most in history. It also saw major constitutional changes, such as the return of powers to the constituent states of the United Kingdom, the patriation of Canada and the decolonization of Africa. The monarch was also in power during several wars and conflicts involving many of his kingdoms.
In November 1968, the queen and her husband visited Brazil and made the first visit of the British monarchy to South America. The trip strengthened diplomatic ties between Brazil and the United Kingdom and also left historical marks in the country visited. In Rio de Janeiro, the presence of Queen Elizabeth II marked the beginning of the work on the Rio-Niterói bridge. In São Paulo, the monarch inaugurated the MASP Art Museum, today considered a reference throughout the country.
Still on her trajectory, the queen was responsible for opening the 1986 Olympic Games in Montreal, and the Summer Olympics and Paralympics 2012 in London, becoming the first head of state to open two Olympic Games in two countries many different. For the London Games, Elizabeth II played herself in a short film, part of the opening ceremony, along with Daniel Craig as James Bond, which in 2013 awarded her an honorary BAFTA for being “the most memorable Bond girl until today ”.
Thus, the relevance of the figure and the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, which spent much of the 20th century in power and continues its legacy into the 21st century. The queen has already lived with 12 American presidents, 12 British prime ministers and 7 Popes. He celebrated Silver Jubilee in 1977, Gold in 2002 and Diamond in 2012.
If you follow in the footsteps of your mother, Elizabeth I, who passed away at 101, we will still live almost a decade under your command. That is why, until the end of his reign, the anthem of Great Britain will remain “God Save the Queen!”.