If your goal for this year is to change cell phone, here’s a warning: this may not be the best time to buy a new one. 2020 will be a year of great events. The remaining 300 days of the year will be full of news in the world of sports, entertainment, politics and technology – but it will not be the year yet 5G technology and the Internet of Things (IoT), the great technological advance of our times, will arrive in Brazil.
But after all, what are these technologies and how do they affect the purchase of smartphones in 2020?
What is the Internet of Things?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology responsible for connecting an impressive number of devices to the world wide web – going far beyond cell phones, computers and Smart TVs – enabling decision making without human intervention.
This means that situations in our daily lives, such as changing car tires, refilling the refrigerator or preparing a coffee could be previously scheduled if these devices (car, refrigerator, coffee maker, respectively) have an active connection 24 hours a day on the Internet.
Second Pyr Marcondes, General Director of Proxxima and M&M Ventures, the Internet of Things basically means connected objects: [com a Internet das Coisas]
How does the Internet of Things work?
To work, devices must be connected to the Internet via Wi-Fi, mobile internet or alternative systems. These devices send and receive data, making it possible to create statistics for analysis. With the information collected, tasks can be automated and the user saves time in making decisions.
As it is an advanced intelligence and with a large volume of data to be processed, a different technology is needed to guarantee stability in the connection of these devices. And that’s where 5G comes in.
What is the 5G Internet?
5G is a quantum leap in the history of telecommunications in the world. There has never been a qualitative and quantitative leap of this dimension before in history, since the telephone was invented. It is almost a reinvention of the telephone, and telecommunication.
Unlike what many may imagine, the 5G internet is not a faster network. 5G is not an “improved 4G”. It goes beyond that. With the increase in devices connected to the internet 24 hours a day, new technology is needed to keep them stable at the same time. And that is what 5G will offer.
The most important thing is that with this new platform it will be possible – which has never been possible before – for you to connect things. Anything that may have a connection chip will be connected. 5G is the primary enabler of the Internet of Things, which is a giant transformation in the ways we connect.
Imagine an entire house designed with the Internet of Things. Printers that detect the need to replace the ink and cars that warn the owner when it is necessary to replace the oil – or even that they work without a driver – are just a few examples of devices that would need to be permanently connected to the internet.
The 5G was designed not only to offer more speed, but also to be able to keep a large number of connected and stable devices (even if the user enters a tunnel or elevator, thus being very different from other mobile network technologies), in addition to improve usability and data economy.
When does the 5G internet arrive in Brazil?
At the end of 2019, the National Development Bank (BNDES) and Qualcomm Ventures, a development bank (investment for enterprises), launched a R $ 160 million fund to develop Internet of Things in Brazil.
The purpose of this fund is to invest in technology startups at an early stage. According to the Reuters agency, this fund will “include companies with hardware, software and data analysis applications, focused on strategic areas such as advanced manufacturing, smart cities, health, agribusiness and residential applications.”
Although forecasts point to 2020 the arrival of 5G in Brazil, there is still no confirmed date. Pyr Marcondes believes that technology will only arrive in Brazil in 2022:
Why not change your cell phone in 2020?
Cell phones are not cheap products. Elite devices often cost a few thousand reais. But even the most expensive devices still won’t be able to take full advantage of 5G technology.
Although there are brands today advertising phones with 5G technology, the devices have not yet been really tested with the volume of data and processing required for the functioning of the Internet of Things. And so, without a full 5G device, you will be able to pay dearly on a cell phone that will not meet the demands of the greatest technological novelty of recent decades. So, when in doubt, don’t buy a cell phone in 2020.